Since many of you requested me for this blog on my Instagram, I have decided to breakdown the key features of DSLR camera in basic terms, and give you all some useful tips that will help you to get the most out of it and come out of AUTO MODE.
If you wish to watch the video instead, feel free to check out:
View this post on Instagram
Watch this video to learn how to shoot awesome photos in Manual Mode with your DSLR in just 10 mins!!!! 🔥 . Learn how to click your favorite pictures with more control on the aesthetics by just using the three fundamentals aperture, shutter speed and ISO 😊 So get out of the auto mode and lets get started!!!😀 . mylenscape #stayhome #staysafe #stayhealthy #Stayathome #masking #travelblogger #passionpassport #travel #mylenscapes #sheexplores #theglobewanderer #girlsaroundworld #girlslovetravel #beautifulmatters #wearetravelgirls #dametraveler #sheisnotlost #iamtb #thediscoverer #quarantinelife #darlingescapes #blondesandcookies #backpackwithme #photooftheday #gltlove #instagood #quarantinelife #quarantineandchill #americanstyle #speechlessplaces #shotoniphone11pro
I know that the world of photography can be a little overwhelming, but this video requires no prior knowledge of cameras or photography, and hopefully will help you understand the features that are available to you.
Before we start learning about all the important concepts, it is very imp to understand how your camera works.
What is a DSLR Camera?
A digital single-lens reflex, or DSLR camera, is a camera with an internal mirror and prism system. As we all know, at its core photography is about capturing light and all digital cameras essentially work in the same way.
Firstly, the light goes into the camera through the lens, then the light passes through the camera’s shutter, and then it hits the camera sensor where the sensor captures the image and saves that information into an image file that basically we can view and edit in future.
If you take the lens off a DSLR and look inside the lens mount, you’ll see the mirror sitting at around 45-degree angle. So this way it just reflects the light up towards the optical viewfinder.
When we press the shutter button, the mirror flips up inside the camera, out of the way of the sensor and then the light will pass onto the sensor where the image will be captured.
So that is how a DSLR works in simple terms.
Now before exploring all the modes and buttons in our camera, let’s talk about the main concepts of photography which will give you full control in Manual Mode:…
First, what’s exposure?
Photography exposure is basically how bright or dark your image is. A photo that is too dark is ‘underexposed’ and a photo that is too bright is ‘overexposed’ and a photo where the subject is neither too dark nor too bright is ‘properly exposed’.
Well, it’s not always necessary to have a properly exposed photo. Sometimes u may want the photo to be a little dark or to be a little bright and that can create some interesting and creative shots.
How to adjust expose in your camera?
Is by taking full control over Aperture, Shutter Speed, and ISO. These 3 settings make up for exposure triangle
Another common term that you may have heard is Aperture. Aperture is the size of the opening in the lens that affects the exposure. And the f-stop or f-number represents the size of the aperture.
So basically your lens has blades inside which open n close to create smaller and larger openings. Now this one is a little confusing, the lower the number (or f-stop), the larger the opening of the lens will be which will result in more light. N the higher the number, the smaller the hole, and less light comes in.
The kit lenses that usually come with the camera like Canon 18-55mm, don’t open much wider (do not go below F3 OR F3.5) than any other expensive lenses like Canon 50mm Prime lens… this lens can open much wider up to F1.8, which means it can open up a lot and let in a lot of light. BUT…
Aperture is mainly responsible for controlling the depth of the field (DOF). Depth of field is super simple, it is basically nothing but the zone/plane of acceptable sharpness in a photo that will appear in focus. So, lower the F-number means lesser the depth of field so perfect for blurry backgrounds or Portrait Photography, and higher the f-number means higher the depth of field, means everything is in focus, so this mode is apt for Landscape Photography.
You basically set the aperture based on the subject. If you are shooting a person for a portrait I will go with a really low depth of field, like around F2 or 2.5, but if I am shooting a group of people, I would prefer F3.5 or 4. But when I am shooting landscape since I want most of it in focus, I will use high F-number like F11 or 16.
Shutter speed is another key player that determines the image’s final outcome. Shutter speed is nothing but the amount of time the shutter remains open (i.e in seconds). For shutter speed, you will see numbers like 1/50 of sec, 1/100, and u can go as low as 1/8000 of the sec, depending on your camera.
Or the other way u can slower your shutter speed by 1 sec, 2 sec or 5 sec, this mode is generally used with a tripod, like when wanting that smooth silky waterfall.
Below I used, a faster shutter speed, however, is perfect for a pristine action shot with no motion blurs, like your pet in action and you want that frozen picture.
One of the most talked-about settings on a camera is the ISO; a numerical value on your camera that controls light sensitivity. The camera’s ISO allows us to adjust its light-sensitivity and pick up more light.
I highly encourage you to experiment with different lighting conditions to find whats your ideal ISO. But be very careful of not making your ISO too high in dark conditions as this will increase the amount of noise in your image.
How do I decide all the 3 based on the Scene?
So when I go out, the first thing I do in the scene is set my ISO to as low as possible. Second I look at the subject and decide how much DOF do I need. Like if its a portrait I will use low f-number if its a landscape I will use a high f-number. N then third I play with shutter speed to decide how much motion blur I want or if I don’t want and I set my shutter speed based on that.
So, once you understand the relationship between all the three main aspects of photography (aperture, shutter speed, and ISO), you can choose to shoot in manual, shutter priority or aperture priority mode and I have no issues with that, just coming out of Auto mode is important.
Also, you may often find yourself in a tricky lighting situation where everything appears far too dark, too light, or very grainy. Unfortunately, automatic mode can’t always hack these extreme conditions and often activates your camera’s flash at the smallest hint of darkness (making some photos appear positively awful). This is where learning to shoot in Manual Mode can be your best option.
So that’s it,
I know, the process of changing your settings is tedious if you are constantly on move, but once you get used to it, it will be easier and it will actually ensure that your images are consistent.
And now for basic foundation, now you know if you don’t have enough depth of field, you know that your aperture has to go up, similarly, if you see your image is too grainy, you know your ISO needs to come down and lastly if you see the image is blurry, you know your shutter speed has to go up!
Also, In addition to understanding your camera settings, I highly recommend the use of a tripod, golden hours, and the top photographic golden rules to keep in mind for capturing stunning imagery.
That’s it guys,
Always remember Photography is a skill that takes lot of time to master, it is not something that just comes with intuition and you can just buy a good camera and you would get good pictures instantly. But just by following few rules and with time, patience, and practice, I am sure it will become second nature and you would never want to come out of Manual Mode 🙂
If you have enjoyed reading this do follow me on Instagram where I share a lot more tips and tricks on photography. Happy Clicking! 🙂